Tourism Past Exam Papers And Memos Grade 9

Tourism Past Exam Papers and Memos Grade 9: Facts in South Africa

Section A: Multiple Choice (50 marks)

1. Which of the following is NOT a type of tourism?

(a) Cultural tourism
(b) Adventure tourism
(c) Medical tourism
(d) Industrial tourism

2. What is the main purpose of the Tourism Act of 1993?

(a) To regulate the tourism industry
(b) To promote tourism in South Africa
(c) To protect the environment
(d) To create jobs

3. Which of the following is a major tourist attraction in South Africa?

(a) Table Mountain
(b) Kruger National Park
(c) Victoria Falls
(d) All of the above

4. What is the name of the largest airport in South Africa?

(a) OR Tambo International Airport
(b) Cape Town International Airport
(c) King Shaka International Airport
(d) Lanseria International Airport

5. Which of the following is a benefit of tourism?

(a) Economic growth
(b) Job creation
(c) Cultural exchange
(d) All of the above

Section B: Short Answer (50 marks)

1. Describe the different types of tourism available in South Africa.

2. Explain the importance of the Tourism Act of 1993.

3. Discuss the major tourist attractions in South Africa and their significance.

4. Analyze the economic benefits of tourism in South Africa.

5. Identify the challenges facing the tourism industry in South Africa.

Section C: Essay (100 marks)

Discuss the role of tourism in promoting economic development and social cohesion in South Africa.

Memo

Section A: Multiple Choice

  1. (d)
  2. (a)
  3. (d)
  4. (a)
  5. (d)
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Section B: Short Answer

1. Types of Tourism in South Africa

  • Cultural tourism: Visiting historical sites, museums, and cultural events
  • Adventure tourism: Activities such as hiking, bungee jumping, and safaris
  • Medical tourism: Seeking medical treatment in South Africa
  • Industrial tourism: Visiting factories and other industrial sites
  • Ecotourism: Focusing on the natural environment and conservation

2. Importance of the Tourism Act of 1993

  • Regulates the tourism industry and ensures fair competition
  • Promotes tourism and attracts foreign visitors
  • Protects the environment and cultural heritage
  • Creates jobs and contributes to economic growth

3. Major Tourist Attractions in South Africa

  • Table Mountain: Iconic landmark in Cape Town
  • Kruger National Park: World-renowned wildlife sanctuary
  • Victoria Falls: One of the largest waterfalls in the world
  • Garden Route: Scenic coastal drive
  • Robben Island: Historical prison where Nelson Mandela was incarcerated

4. Economic Benefits of Tourism in South Africa

  • Creates jobs in various sectors, including hospitality, transportation, and retail
  • Generates foreign exchange revenue
  • Stimulates economic growth and development
  • Supports local businesses and entrepreneurs

5. Challenges Facing the Tourism Industry in South Africa

  • Crime and safety concerns
  • Lack of infrastructure and accessibility
  • Seasonality of tourism
  • Environmental degradation
  • Competition from other tourist destinations

Section C: Essay

Role of Tourism in Promoting Economic Development and Social Cohesion in South Africa

Tourism plays a vital role in promoting economic development and social cohesion in South Africa.

Economic Development

  • Creates jobs and generates income for local communities
  • Stimulates investment in infrastructure and tourism-related businesses
  • Contributes to foreign exchange earnings
  • Supports the development of rural areas
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Social Cohesion

  • Brings people from different cultures and backgrounds together
  • Promotes understanding and appreciation of different perspectives
  • Fosters a sense of national pride and identity
  • Creates opportunities for cultural exchange and dialogue

However, it is important to address the challenges facing the tourism industry and ensure that tourism is developed in a sustainable and responsible manner. By addressing these challenges and leveraging the benefits of tourism, South Africa can harness the potential of this sector to drive economic growth and promote social cohesion.

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